Which of the following are the three principles discussed in the Belmont report?

A. IRB review, Federal regulations, Declaration of Helsinki.
B. Informed Consent, Institutional Assurance, Researcher responsibility.
C. Privacy, Confidentiality, Equitable selection of subjects.
D. Respect for Persons, Beneficence, Justice.


The three principles discussed in the Belmont Report are respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.


Respect for Persons:

This principle emphasizes the importance of treating individuals as autonomous agents and respecting their right to make informed decisions about participating in research. It requires obtaining informed consent from participants, which involves providing them with relevant information about the study, its purpose, potential risks and benefits, and ensuring they have the freedom to voluntarily choose whether or not to participate.


This principle focuses on maximizing benefits and minimizing potential harms to individuals participating in research. It involves the researcher’s obligation to promote the well-being of participants and to ensure that the potential benefits of the research outweigh any potential risks. Researchers are required to design their studies in a way that minimizes risks and maximizes the potential benefits for the participants.


This principle emphasizes the fair distribution of the benefits and burdens of research. It requires that the selection of research subjects is conducted in a fair and equitable manner, without exploiting vulnerable populations or excluding certain groups unfairly. Researchers must ensure that the recruitment and selection of participants are based on fair criteria and that the benefits and risks of research are distributed fairly among different populations.

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