7 Common Problems with Garage Door Torsion Springs

Garage door torsion springs are crucial components of any overhead garage door system. They provide the necessary tension to lift and lower the door smoothly and safely. However, like any mechanical part, torsion springs can experience various issues over time. Understanding these common problems can help homeowners address them promptly and ensure their garage doors function reliably.

1. Wear and Tear

Constant usage and exposure to weather conditions can lead to wear and tear of garage door torsion springs. Over time, the metal can weaken, causing the springs to lose their tension and efficiency. Signs of wear include visible gaps or elongation in the springs, which indicate that they may need to be replaced.

2. Rust and Corrosion

Rust and corrosion are common enemies of metal components, and garage door torsion springs are no exception. Moisture from rain, snow, or humidity can cause these springs to rust over time, compromising their structural integrity. Regular lubrication can help prevent rust formation, but if it has already occurred, replacement might be necessary to ensure safe operation.

3. Improper Installation

Improper installation of torsion springs is a prevalent issue that can lead to premature failure. If the springs are not correctly calibrated or if they are the wrong size for the door, they may wear out quickly or fail to provide adequate support. It’s essential to hire experienced professionals for installation to avoid such problems.

4. Lack of Maintenance

Many homeowners overlook the importance of regular maintenance for their garage door systems, including torsion springs. Without proper lubrication and inspection, springs can wear out faster and become prone to failure. Implementing a routine maintenance schedule can extend the lifespan of torsion springs and ensure smooth operation of the garage door.

5. Broken Springs

One of the most noticeable problems with garage door torsion springs is breakage. A broken spring can cause the door to become unbalanced, making it difficult or impossible to open manually or with the garage door opener. Attempting to operate a garage door with a broken spring can be dangerous and should be avoided until the spring is replaced by a professional technician.

6. Tension Adjustment Issues

Torsion springs must be properly tensioned to balance the weight of the garage door. If the tension is too loose or too tight, it can affect the door’s operation and potentially lead to damage. Adjusting the tension of torsion springs is a delicate process that should only be performed by trained professionals to avoid accidents or further complications.

7. Aging

Like all mechanical parts, garage door torsion springs have a limited lifespan. As they age, they become more susceptible to wear, fatigue, and eventual failure. It’s essential for homeowners to be proactive in monitoring the condition of their torsion springs and replacing them before they fail completely to avoid inconvenience and potential safety hazards.


Garage door torsion springs play a vital role in the smooth and safe operation of overhead garage doors. However, they are prone to several common problems that can affect their performance and longevity. By staying vigilant, performing regular maintenance, and seeking professional assistance when needed, homeowners can ensure that their garage door torsion springs function reliably for years to come.

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