5 Types of Gantry Cranes and Their Applications

Gantry cranes are essential pieces of equipment used in various industries for lifting and moving heavy loads within a workspace. These cranes are distinguished by their overhead support structure, which typically runs on rails or wheels and spans the area where the load needs to be lifted. There are several types of gantry cranes, each designed for specific applications based on load capacity, mobility, and operational requirements. Here are five common types of gantry cranes and their respective applications:

1. Single Girder Gantry Crane

Overview: Single girder gantry cranes consist of one bridge beam supported at each end by legs running on wheels or rails. The hoist mechanism is mounted on the bridge beam, allowing for efficient vertical lifting.


  • Workshops and Warehouses: Ideal for light to moderate lifting tasks such as loading/unloading materials, assembly work, and maintenance operations.
  • Construction Sites: Used for lifting construction materials like steel beams, precast concrete, and machinery.


  • Cost-effective for smaller lifting capacities.
  • Compact design suitable for confined spaces.

2. Double Girder Gantry Crane

Overview: Double girder gantry crane features two bridge beams supported by the legs, offering increased stability and higher lifting capacities compared to single girder designs.


  • Heavy Manufacturing Facilities: Suited for lifting and moving large components in industries like steel production, automotive manufacturing, and shipbuilding.
  • Ports and Shipyard Facilities: Used for handling heavy cargo containers and ship components.


  • Enhanced lifting capacity and height.
  • Suitable for frequent and intensive use.

3. Rail Mounted Gantry Crane (RMG)

Overview: Rail mounted gantry cranes are specifically designed to operate on railway tracks, providing high precision and efficiency in container handling operations.


  • Container Terminals: Used for loading and unloading shipping containers from trucks and trains onto storage yards.
  • Intermodal Yards: Facilitates seamless transfer of containers between different modes of transportation (trucks, trains, ships).


  • Optimised for high-speed container handling.
  • Enables precise positioning of containers.

4. Rubber-Tired Gantry Crane (RTG)

Overview: Rubber-tired gantry cranes are mobile cranes equipped with wheels, making them versatile for moving around container yards.


  • Container Depots and Distribution Centers: Efficiently handles containers within storage yards and facilitates container stacking.
  • Construction Sites: Used for lifting and positioning construction materials and equipment.


  • Flexibility in maneuvering within confined spaces.
  • Eliminates the need for fixed tracks, offering greater mobility.

5. Adjustable Height Gantry Crane

Overview: Adjustable height gantry cranes are designed with telescopic legs or adjustable heights to accommodate varying lifting requirements.


  • Maintenance Workshops: Allows for lifting machinery and equipment of different sizes and heights.
  • Assembly Lines: Facilitates the movement and positioning of parts during assembly processes.


  • Versatile and adaptable to changing operational needs.
  • Optimises workspace utilisation by adjusting lifting heights.


Gantry cranes play a pivotal role in numerous industries, offering efficient lifting and material handling solutions across different operational environments. Selecting the right type of gantry crane depends on factors such as load capacity, working environment, mobility requirements, and budget considerations. Understanding the specific applications and benefits of each gantry crane type is crucial for optimising productivity and safety within industrial settings.

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